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Lothar J.R. Maier (promotion initiative IMC - India meets Classic)IMC - India meets Classic presents... Raga CDs of the Months (01/11): NAZRUL SANGEET - The Rebel Poet (part 3/3) (January 17, 2011)

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NAZRUL SANGEET - Der rebellische Poet…
(Untertitel: Ragainterpretationen zu Liedern von Kazi Nazrul Islam)

Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976) war in den 20er und 30er Jahre des letzten Jahrhunderts eine der schillernsten Figuren der bengalischen Musik. Nazrul war Dichter, Verleger, Journalist, Schauspieler, Musikdirektor und Radioproduzent in einer Person.

Nazrul ist der Begruender der modernen Musik Bengals, dem heutigen Westbengal (Indien) und Bangladesh (seit 1971: Republik des Volkes von Bangladesh, ehem. Ostbengal, Ost-Pakistan).

Nazrul gelang es, Elemente der nordindischen Klassik (Hindustani) mit den Traditionen der Volksmusik zu verschmelzen (Prof. Rafiqul Islam, Kulna Universitaet - Nazrul Institute (Dhaka), 1994).

Sendetermin…
17. Januar 2011 - 23:00 p.m. (CET)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Kazi Nazrul Islam (um 1920) - Quelle: Wikipedia (CC-Lizenz)
Als Weggefaehrte des Universalgenies Rabindranath Tagore (Indien's erster Nobelpreistraeger fuer Literatur, 1913) war Nazrul in seinen Schriften politischer Freiheitskaempfer fuer die indische Freiheitsbewegung.

Nazrul wurde fuer sein Engagement als Poet, Journalist und Verleger 1922/23 mit einem Jahr Gefaengnis und Publikationsverbot durch den Gerichtshof von British-Indien bestraft. 1921 erschien Nazrul's beruehmtestes Gedicht Bidrohi - The Rebel (Der Rebell).

Die Gedichte und Lieder nach Nazruls Haftentlassung waren Themen der unterdrueckten Klassen, uebten Kritik an den sozio-oekonomischen Normen und den Misstaenden im politischen System. Wie sein Weggefaehrte Tagore (1861-1941) wehrte sich Nazrul auch gegen religioesen Fanatismus und setzte sich fuer die Gleichstellung von Mann und Frau ein. Nazrul's Gedicht Nari (= Frau) bringt dies zum Ausdruck. Gleichberechtigung verstand Nazrul nicht im Sinne von Gleichmachung, vielmehr als ein Synergetisches zwischen Mann und Frau.

Nazrul hatte in seiner aktiven Schaffenszeit (1910-1942) mehr als 600 Ragakompositionen verfasst, von denen die meisten verloren gegangen sind. Die spaeteren Veroeffentlichungen Nazals, zwischen 1928 und 1935 umfassen in einem 10-baendigen Gesamtwerk mehr als 800 Lieder. Mehr als 100 sind als Volksmusik angelegt und etwa 30 sind patriotische Lieder. (Anm.: Das Gesamtwerk umfasst schaetzungsweise ca. 4000 Lieder.) Diese Liedsammlung wird als Nazrul Sangeet (oder Nazrul Geeti) bezeichnet.

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NAZRUL SANGEET - The rebel poet…
(Subtitle: raga interpretations of songs by Kazi Nazrul Islam)

In the 20th and 30th of last century Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976) was one of the most dazzling figures of Bengal music. Nazrul was a poet, publisher, journalist, actor, music director and radio producer, all in one person.

Nazrul is the founder of the modern music of Bengal, today the region of Westbengal (India) and Bangladesh (since 1971: Republic of the People of Bangladesh, former East Bengal / East Pakistan).

Nazrul succeeded it to merge elements of North Indian classics (Hindustani) with the tradition of folk music (Professor Rafiqul Islam, Kulna University - Nazrul Institute (Dhaka), 1994).

date of broadcasting…
17th January 2011 - 11:00 p.m. (CET)
broadcasting plan | streaming (Internet Radio & Mobile Radio) | podCast

Nazrul was the companion of Rabindranath Tagore, the universal genius and first Nobel prize winner for literature of India in 1913. And Nazrul's writing identified him as political freedom fighter for the Indian freedom movement.

Nazrul was adjudged front court of British India for his commitments as poet, journalist and publisher with one year prison in 1922/23 and publication prohibition. In 1921 appeared Nazrul's most famous poem Bidrohi - The Rebel.

The poems and songs after Nazruls release from custody were focced more on topics of the suppressed classes and criticized the socio-economic standards and grievances in the political system. Like his companion Tagore (1861-1941) same Nazrul resisted religious fanaticism and pleaded for the equalization of man and woman. Nazrul's poem Nari (= woman) expresses this clearly. Nazrul did not understand 'equal rights' in the sense of equalization, rather as a synergy between woman and man.

In his active work time (1910-1942) Nazrul had written more than 600 Raga compositions, from which most were lost more. The later publishings by Nazrul between 1928 and 1935 cover 800 songs collected in a 10 volumes. More than 100 songs are folk musica and about 30 are patriotic songs. (Notes: The complete work of Nazrul covers roughly approx. 4000 songs.) This song collection is called Nazrul Sangeet (or Nazrul Geeti).

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This audio is part of the collection: IMC - India Meets Classic
It also belongs to collection: Radio Programs

Artist/Composer: Lothar J.R. Maier (promotion initiative IMC - India meets Classic)
Date: 2011-01-17 23:00:00
Source: IMC OnAir - www.imcradio.net
Keywords: Foerderinitiative IMC - India meets Classic; India meets Classic; promotion initiative IMC - India mees Clasic; Raga CDs of the Months; Nazrul Sangeet; The rebel poet; poet; rebel; poem; Nazrul; sangeet; raga; song; Kazi Nazrul Islam; Bengal; Bengal music; music; publisher; journalist; actor; music director; radio; radio producer; modern music; West Bengal; Bangladesh; Republic of the People of Bangladesh; East Bengal; East Pakistan; North Indian classics; Hindustani; folk music; Nazrul Institute; Rabindranath Tagore; Nobel prize; Indian freedom movement; British India; prison; Bidrohi; The Rebel; Nari; Nazrul Ghazel; Ghazel; Shhunno-E-Buke; My Dearest Nightingale; Raga composition; patriotic song; Nazrul Sangeet; Nazrul Geeti; Raga CDs des Monats; Der rebellische Poet; Ragainterpretation; bengalische Musik; Dichter; Verleger; Journalist; Schauspieler; Musikdirektor; Radioproduzent; Westbengal; Republik des Volkes von Bangladesh; Ostbengal; Ost-Pakistan; nordindische Klassik; Volksmusik; Nobelpreis fuer Literatur; indische Freiheitsbewegung; Poet; Verleger; Gefaengnis; Publikationsverbot; Britisch-Indien; Der Rebell; Ragakomposition; patriotische Lieder

Creative Commons license: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 France


Notes

Ragas are the frame work of the Indian Classical Music. They describe the emotional expression and define the material of notes. All IMC broadcasting shows present original recordings, produced in India and published / distributed from Indian Music Labels.

... complete programme with all details (inclusive podcasting) see www.imcradio.net (German/English language site).

India meets Classic presents "NAZRUL SANGEET - The Rebel Poet." (part 3 of 3)

Website (DE/ENG): IMC OnAir - IMCRadio.Net
Blog Site (ENG): http://www.imcradio.net/blog
MySpace: http://in.myspace.com/imcradiodotnet
IMC OnAir's Video dataBase: http://www.imcradio.net/videos
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